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Tourismus in Aachen – herzlich willkommen auf den Webseiten der offiziellen Tourismusorganisation der Stadt Aachen. Hier finden Sie Informationen über. Aachen Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ˈaːxn̩] (Öcher Platt: Oche; französisch Aix-la-Chapelle [ ɛkslaʃaˈpɛl]; niederländisch Aken; lateinisch Aquæ. Academics. News & Announcements; Before Your Studies; During Your Studies; After Graduation; Teaching; Advice & Assistance. Research. News; Projects. Die StädteRegion Aachen ist ein innovativer Verband aus den Städten Aachen, Alsdorf, Baesweiler, Eschweiler, Herzogenrath, Monschau, Stolberg und Würselen. Aktuelle Zahlen: Die gemeinsam agierenden Krisenstäbe der Stadt Aachen und der StädteRegion Aachen informieren über die aktuelle Lage in Sachen Corona-​.

Aacchen

Aktuelle Zahlen: Die gemeinsam agierenden Krisenstäbe der Stadt Aachen und der StädteRegion Aachen informieren über die aktuelle Lage in Sachen Corona-​. Academics. News & Announcements; Before Your Studies; During Your Studies; After Graduation; Teaching; Advice & Assistance. Research. News; Projects. Tourismus in Aachen – herzlich willkommen auf den Webseiten der offiziellen Tourismusorganisation der Stadt Aachen. Hier finden Sie Informationen über.

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Ein Tag in Aachen - WDR Reisen

This was followed by the religious wars , and the great fire of In , the Dutch humanist and physician Francis Fabricius published his study of the health benefits of the hot springs in Aachen, [34] and by the middle of the 17th century the city had developed a considerable reputation as a spa, although this was in part because Aachen was then — and remained well into the 19th century — a place of high-level prostitution.

The main indication for visiting patients, ironically, was syphilis ; only by the end of the 19th century had rheumatism become the most important object of cures at Aachen and Burtscheid.

Aachen was chosen as the site of several important congresses and peace treaties: the first congress of Aachen often referred to as the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in English on 2 May , [35] leading to the First Treaty of Aachen in the same year which ended the War of Devolution.

The city was one of its most socially and politically backward centres until the end of the 19th century.

Starting in , the railway from Cologne to Belgium passed through Aachen. In December , the Aachen tramway network was opened, and in it was electrified.

On 21 October , an armed mob took over the city hall. Similar actions took place in Mönchen-Gladbach , Duisburg , and Krefeld.

This republic lasted only about a year. The first killed 1,, including children, and bombed six hospitals.

During the second, aircraft hit two railway stations, killed , and left 15, homeless. The raids also destroyed Aachen-Eilendorf and Aachen-Burtscheid.

The city and its fortified surroundings were laid siege to from 12 September to 21 October by the US 1st Infantry Division [43] with the 3rd Armored Division assisting from the south.

Aachen was the first German city to be captured by the Allies, and its residents welcomed the soldiers as liberators.

Damaged buildings included the medieval churches of St. Foillan , St. Paul and St. Nicholas , and the Rathaus city hall , although Aachen Cathedral was largely unscathed.

Only 4, inhabitants remained in the city; the rest had followed evacuation orders. During the Roman period, Aachen was the site of a flourishing Jewish community.

Later, during the Carolingian empire, a Jewish community lived near the royal palace. He returned to Aachen in July , bearing an elephant called Abul-Abbas as a gift for the emperor.

In , the Jews of Aachen offered gifts to Maximilian I during his coronation ceremony. In , the Aachen Jewish community was expelled from the city.

In , six Jews were allowed to return. Most of the Aachen Jews settled in the nearby town of Burtscheid.

A Jewish cemetery was acquired in The synagogue was destroyed during Kristallnacht in In , after emigration and arrests, Jews remained in the city.

In , 1, Jews were living in Aachen. The city of Aachen has developed into a technology hub as a by-product of hosting one of the leading universities of technology in Germany with the RWTH Aachen Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule , known especially for mechanical engineering, automotive and manufacturing technology as well as for its research and academic hospital Klinikum Aachen , one of the largest medical facilities in Europe.

Aachen is located in the middle of the Meuse—Rhine Euroregion , close to the border tripoint of Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

The maximum dimensions of the city's territory are The city limits are As the westernmost city in Germany [7] and close to the Low Countries , Aachen and the surrounding area belongs to a temperate climate zone , with humid weather, mild winters, and warm summers.

Another factor in the local weather forces of Aachen is the occurrence of Foehn winds on the southerly air currents, which results from the city's geographic location on the northern edge of the Eifel.

Because the city is surrounded by hills, it suffers from inversion-related smog. Some areas of the city have become urban heat islands as a result of poor heat exchange, both because of the area's natural geography and from human activity.

The city's numerous cold air corridors, which are slated to remain as free as possible from new construction, therefore play an important role in the urban climate of Aachen.

The January average is 3. Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year. The geology of Aachen is very structurally heterogeneous.

The oldest occurring rocks in the area surrounding the city originate from the Devonian period and include carboniferous sandstone , greywacke , claystone and limestone.

These formations are part of the Rhenish Massif , north of the High Fens. In the Pennsylvanian subperiod of the Carboniferous geological period, these rock layers were narrowed and folded as a result of the Variscan orogeny.

After this event, and over the course of the following million years, this area has been continuously flattened.

During the Cretaceous period, the ocean penetrated the continent from the direction of the North Sea up to the mountainous area near Aachen, bringing with it clay, sand, and chalk deposits.

While the clay which was the basis for a major pottery industry in nearby Raeren is mostly found in the lower areas of Aachen, the hills of the Aachen Forest and the Lousberg were formed from upper Cretaceous sand and chalk deposits.

More recent sedimentation is mainly located in the north and east of Aachen and was formed through tertiary and quaternary river and wind activities.

Along the major thrust fault of the Variscan orogeny , there are over 30 thermal springs in Aachen and Burtscheid. Additionally, the subsurface of Aachen is traversed by numerous active faults that belong to the Rurgraben fault system, which has been responsible for numerous earthquakes in the past, including the Düren earthquake [54] and the Roermond earthquake , [55] which was the strongest earthquake ever recorded in the Netherlands.

Aachen has , inhabitants as of 31 December , of whom , are female, and , are male. The unemployment rate in the city is, as of April , 9.

The city is divided into seven administrative districts, or boroughs, each with its own district council, district leader, and district authority.

The councils are elected locally by those who live within the district, and these districts are further subdivided into smaller sections for statistical purposes, with each sub-district named by a two-digit number.

Regardless of official statistical designations, there are 50 neighbourhoods and communities within Aachen, here arranged by district:. Aachen Cathedral was erected on the orders of Charlemagne.

Construction began c. AD [9] and it was, on completion c. The cathedral was extended several times in later ages, turning it into a curious and unique mixture of building styles.

The throne and gallery portion date from the Ottonian , with portions of the original opus sectile floor still visible.

Finally, a choir was added around the start of the 15th century. After Frederick Barbarossa canonised Charlemagne in the chapel became a destination for pilgrims.

The church built by Charlemagne is still the main attraction of the city. In the upper chamber of the gallery, Charlemagne's marble throne is housed.

Most of the marble and columns used in the construction of the cathedral were brought from Rome and Ravenna , including the sarcophagus in which Charlemagne was eventually laid to rest.

Finally, there is uncertainty surrounding the bronze pine cone in the chapel, and where it was created. Wherever it was made, it was also a parallel to a piece in Rome, this in Old St.

Peter's Basilica. Aachen Cathedral Treasury has housed, throughout its history, a collection of liturgical objects.

The origin of this church treasure is in dispute as some say Charlemagne himself endowed his chapel with the original collection, while the rest were collected over time.

Others say all of the objects were collected over time, from such places as Jerusalem and Constantinople. Matthew's Chapel until , when it was moved to the Karlskapelle Charles' Chapel.

From there it was moved to the Hungarian Chapel in and in to its present location next to the Allerseelenkapelle Poor Souls' Chapel. The Coronation Gospels and a reliquary burse of St.

Stephen were moved to Vienna in and the Talisman of Charlemagne was given as a gift in to Josephine Bonaparte and subsequently to Rheims Cathedral.

Charles IV donated a pair of reliquaries. Louis XI gave, in , the crown of Margaret of York , and, in , another arm reliquary of Charlemagne.

The coronation hall is on the first floor of the building. Inside one can find five frescoes by the Aachen artist Alfred Rethel which show legendary scenes from the life of Charlemagne, as well as Charlemagne's signature.

Also, precious replicas of the Imperial Regalia are kept here. Since , the city hall has been a station on the Route Charlemagne , a tour programme by which historical sights of Aachen are presented to visitors.

At the city hall, a museum exhibition explains the history and art of the building and gives a sense of the historical coronation banquets that took place there.

As before, the city hall is the seat of the mayor of Aachen and of the city council, and annually the Charlemagne Prize is awarded there.

The Grashaus , a late medieval house at the Fischmarkt , is one of the oldest non-religious buildings in central Aachen.

It hosted the city archive, and before that, the Grashaus was the city hall until the present building took over this function. The Elisenbrunnen is one of the most famous sights of Aachen.

It is a neo-classical hall covering one of the city's famous fountains. It is just a minute away from the cathedral. Just a few steps in a south-easterly direction lies the 19th-century theatre.

There are also a few parts of both medieval city walls left, most of them integrated into more recent buildings, but some others still visible. There are even five towers left, some of which are used for housing.

It is attributed to the Rhine mannerism , and a sample of a local Renaissance architecture. The church is a Greek Orthodox church today, but the building is used also for concerts because of its good acoustics.

The synagogue in Aachen, which was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass Kristallnacht , 9 November , was reinaugurated on 18 May There are numerous other notable churches and monasteries , a few remarkable 17th- and 18th-century buildings in the particular Baroque style typical of the region, a synagogue, a collection of statues and monuments, park areas, cemeteries, among others.

Among the museums in the town are the Suermondt-Ludwig Museum , which has a fine sculpture collection and the Aachen Museum of the International Press , which is dedicated to newspapers from the 16th century to the present.

Carolus Thermen, thermal baths named after Charlemagne. A statue commemorating David Hansemann. Aachen is the administrative centre for the coal-mining industries in neighbouring places to the northeast.

Products manufactured in Aachen include electrical goods, textiles, foodstuffs chocolate and candy , glass, machinery, rubber products, furniture, metal products.

Kampker was also the founder and chairman of the European Network for Affordable and Sustainable Electromobility. In May , the company announced that the city of Aachen, the city council Aachen and the savings bank Aachen had ordered electric vehicles from the company.

In , the electric vehicle start-up e. GO Mobile was founded by Günther Schuh, which started producing the e.

GO Life electric passenger car and other vehicles in April In April , StreetScooter GmbH announced that it would be scaling up to manufacture approximately 10, of the Work vehicles annually, starting in , also in Aachen.

RWTH Aachen University , established as Polytechnicum in , is one of Germany's Universities of Excellence with strong emphasis on technological research, especially for electrical and mechanical engineering, computer sciences, physics, and chemistry.

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It was there that he constructed a vast palace, which was based upon a late imperial Roman model and of which only the Palatine Chapel remains.

Built in the shape of an octagon with two superimposed galleries, this structure resembles San Vitale in Ravenna, and the ground-floor section of the interior recalls the mausoleum of Theodoric.

The building was enriched with Classical…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!

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More About. The best known building and at the same time the most popular sight of the city is Aachen Cathedral. The more than 1, years old cultural site is the last resting place of Charlemagne and the site of coronation of 30 German kings.

Today Aachen Cathedral with its religious architecture annually attracts more than one million visitors.

During the last few years Aachen inhabitants could enjoy on average sunshine hours per year — consequently Aachen is the sunniest city across North-Rhine Westphalia.

For rainy days we have composed some ideas for you here so that you can escape from the weather. Aachen: the cathedral, the old city and the Elisenbrunnen fountain.

Students, families, and people of all ages. The attractions our city has to offer are as varied as the city itself. When Dutch people mean Aachen, they say Aken.

Our Belgian neighbours call it Aix-la-Chapelle. Aachen is the most western metropolis in Germany and it is directly located in the border region of Belgium and the Netherlands.

The optimal location of the town — in the West of North-Rhine Westphalia, on the edge of the Eifel and the Hohe Venn and in the vicinity of the cities of Cologne, Düsseldorf and Bonn — makes Aachen the perfect starting point for city trips and excursions into nature.

Aacchen

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